A bosom friend afar brings distant land near. The Oversea album shares the lives of Chinese living abroad with all. The No.95 episode is about Shuo Jiang who graduated from Rice University and is now working for Diller Scofidio + Renfro
Why going abroad?
My father is an English teacher and when I was a kid, he told me all things about foreign culture. He was supportive and encouraged me to learn and experience. Then for my graduate study, I chose to study in the United States.
What impressed you the most when you are abroad?
The professors. They are older than my parents but they are energetic. One professor kept working out every day and one professor who was a Pritzker jury still drove 16 hours to visit the site in Marfa in two days. Another thing is to receive an email from the professor at an unexpected time, such as 200 pm at night or at 5 am in the morning.
What do you miss the most about China?
My parents, friends, and Karaoke.
Will you come back China? Why?
Yes. I hope to practice as an architect in china offering more opportunities and a larger platform.
Is it more distinct to view China in a different environment after going abroad? Any thought?
Not exactly. When abroad, I had a strong feeling of self belongings of my own country. In the meantime, I felt uncertain about things that I used to be familiar with. The straight lines are being blurred and I am trying to figure out the inside of the facts.
What makes the curriculum of your school different from other architecture schools?
在Sarah M. Whiting的倡导下，学校对于建筑实践和理论都非常的重视。莱斯设置了四门建筑理论课程。更可贵的是这些理论课不是单纯的灌输知识点，而是以历史为契机探讨反思当前建筑的问题。当然最疯狂的就是数不清的阅读，观后心得，以及最后的论文吧。
Under the direction of Sarah M.Whiting, Rice is concentrated on architecture practice and theory. Rice Offers four architecture History Theory for each semester. It is not about what had happened in the past, instead it is about how it related to the contemporary and what we can learn from it. Of course, there are tons of readings and discussions and essays.
We are close to our professors. They teach not only design studio but also seminars involving their years of research and interests. We usually had a heat discussion about everything. Their researches include all kinds of aspect: history, human, politics, technology, and so on. At the end of the semester, we would go to visit their home and they would be cooked for us if not ordering pizza.
There is two main flexible public space inside Rice building where exhibitions, pin-ups, and lectures are held. Before the formal lectures, we students can have the chance to talk with the lecturer at a coffee house in a more casual way which we can discuss all kinds of things related.
Rice has all kinds of scholarships and I am honored to be awarded twice. One is for the contribution of international student and another one is travel scholarship. I have had the chance to visit Tokyo and started my thesis project in the end. Thanks to Rice and all my professors.
What are the characteristics and interesting points of your firm?
Diller Scofidio + Renfro’s workshop has all kinds of expensive material, tools, and several 3D printers. It is more like a laboratory and young architects are dedicated to exploring all kinds of models and technics.
Who is your favorite artist (in wider range such as art, music, movie)? What is the influence?
Hirokazu Koreeda. One of my favorite movies is Still Walking. Most part of the movies is happening in one typical Japanese house. But what is interesting is that the space changes with the story and is instant. I was inspired by it and propose my thesis project of exploring the potential of everyday architecture and how does it related to architecture design.
What fascinates viewers the most in your portfolio in your opinion?
My portfolio is not all about architecture. Instead of saving the world, I wish to express a more light and happier attitude of practicing architecture.
When did you start to follow gooood? Any suggestions?
Long time ago. I wish gooood is affecting all people and my friend can have the chance to share their works.
W O R K
设计提议 | Thesis proposal
My thesis focuses on developing an understanding of architecture as a physical medium of celebrating everyday life and communication for people and explore under the contemporary urban environment. The reason was simple. When I was walking around the street of the Shibuya area, I was occupied with all kinds of architecture icons, though exciting, what interested me most was the buildings inside the block. The scale of the buildings is more comfortable and the functions are more flexible with all kinds of accesses. The relationship between nature and architecture, the use of material, the flexible circulation are the key characteristics of the Everyday architecture which is the starting point of my thesis design.
▼1970 涩谷区现状，1970 existing figure ground
▼2017 涩谷区现状，2017 existing figure ground
前期研究 | The Void Metabolism
东京是一个实时变化的城市。不同于50年前建筑师们提出的新陈代谢运动，即围绕超尺度的核心平铺展开的发展结构，我提出在过去的五十年，尤其是涉谷区，这些新陈代谢是围绕着建筑之间的空隙展开的，即虚空间的新陈代谢。这些变化始终在两个维度展开，一个是整个社区周边的超尺度建筑，一个是社区内部不断更新的微尺度建筑。调研了五个典型街区，展开研究自二战后的演变，探讨建筑的更新对虚空间产生了何种影响。最终的研究落在了两个层面，一是超尺度框架的空间代谢，围绕四点展开：1.建筑作为地标；2.城市效率；3. 商住体；4. 自我隔离。二是微尺度框架，围绕着一个街区四个年代的发展变化。此外，研究进一步围绕建筑的构架以及如何影响虚空间的特性与品质。因此，设计新建筑的类型可以解放当代20世纪建筑功能的枯燥与单一，打破社交媒体给人们带来的隔阂与陌生，给城市的人们提供一个更舒适的空间。
Tokyo is a city of instant changes. During the past 50 years, Tokyo did not follow the idea from what the 1960s Metabolisms imagined. They integrated a building’s equipment and structure into something known as a megastructure core, proposing that separate rooms would be arranged around the core and could be thought of as capsules and that urban space could be made out of a network of slabs and as a dispersal of the power and financial capital. Tokyo continues to evolve like a living organism is that its urban structure lends itself to change on the basis of subdivided land. By developing the performance of the urban Void metabolism that arises out of these groups in a critical way, it is possible to arrive at a responsible, consistent approach to urban space through the design of Thesis. Through the comparison of the two diagrams, the Megastructure system can be cataloged as four features: 1. Architecture as Icon; 2. Urban Efficiency; 3.Commersidence; 4. Self Isolation. Micro-Development (Subdiviurban) refers to patterns that emerge when a suburb is subdivided after being swallowed in a wave of urbanization. As void metabolism is rooted in the void space, the following thesis analysis is concentrated on how the architecture structure is affecting the spatial quality of gaps. Therefore, it is possible to liberate the new building types from the programs of granulation and intolerant that came with the agenda of ownership in the 20th century and create tolerant spaces where people can live a more vital life for Tokyo to excel as a city.
▼场地地面空间研究，the ground of shibuya
▼场地地面空间研究，the common ground
▼场地地面空间研究，the common ground
▼街区现状究，the existing ground
设计概念 | Thesis Design Concept
The research zoomed into 8 typical blocks in Jingu-Mae area, developing an understanding of the current field ground condition and how it related to the architecture structure system and explores both the advantages and disadvantages. The observation of the common ground can be characterized as: The Missing of the Common Ground; Self-isolation of the ground; The extreme smallness of the void space; Self-isolation of the ground; II Transparency; Permeability of internal and external space; A porous cluster containing Greenery; Linking gaps with multiple circulations.
Through architecture design, the field ground should be regenerated as a platform in which the architecture structure system is assimilated to it and thus, generated into new common ground. The Common ground is as a physical medium of celebrating everyday life, establishing the communication for people creating new contemporary architecture and urban environment.
设计过程 | Thesis design process
The thesis project is a result of calling out for a new community and a new common ground to contain the new lifestyles and needs of people under the contemporary context. My thesis hypotheses, therefore, attempt to describe new spatial and action-related orders to regenerate the new common ground and bring back the Co-existence, openness, interactiveness, and shareness to the community. For Co-existence, The design process is closely connected to the former study of the existing conditions. To achieve the Co-existence Openness, Interactiveness, Shareness in the architecture design process of the thesis is required to regenerate the new common ground.The Co-existence can be described as follows: 1. Between parts and whole; 2.Between large and small; 3. Between old and new; 4.Filled with everyday life; Steps are as follows to achieve openness: 1. Cataloging the existing buildings; 2. Removing the buildings and clean up the voids; 3. Removing the Facade system; 4. Renovating the Facade system; 5. Cutting the Floors and Introducing the Garden spaces. The circulations system corresponds to the floor system which has been opened up and connected through the cutting strategies. The circulation system contains different architecture elements: the light-structure stairs, slopes, ramps, flowing floors, and core systems as buildings of the whole block. Shareness is no longer the opposite side of the private. It is a result of the contemporary urban context. With the social media system, people are exposed to the world and the concept of the Shares is becoming more acceptable and achievable.
设计展望 | Thesis Vision
For thesis, or contemporary practice, making something new is easy but what is difficult is how to define and approach the new. It does not matter that the project has to be something different or dramatic, even making a home or everyday architecture can be critical. The thesis is set on exploring the potentials of the urban structures, celebrating everyday life, establishing communication for people creating new contemporary architecture and urban environment.
A New Primitive Hut
Instructor: Michelle Chang
Time: Fall 2018
The invention of load-bearing frames and reinforced concrete made systems like the Maison Domino possible. As the design of facades and plans were freed from the structure, however, the design of roofs became entangled in what had previously been the obligations of floor plates. The conceptual clarity of modernism’s total building systems, coupled with evolving environmental and security standards in the present day, has necessitated the design of architectural exceptions. A building’s integral components, like MEP and HVAC, are regularly designed as elements that sit proud of a coherent envelope. This studio investigates ways these detached parts can be conceptually and materially absorbed into a single volumetric roof.
屋顶 | Roof
The roof is one of architecture’s primary constituent elements and the design of roofs has historically engaged form with performance. In Laugier’s account of the primitive hut, the roof was created to shield humans from nature; Semper contends that it came about to protect the hearth; and Koolhaas suggests that, from the beginning, roofs were made to signify power. Though these origin stories leave out the complex relationships among cultural, economic, and technical contexts, their reductive clarity serves as a lens for judging architectural qualities of scale, shape, and proportion. In my perspective, the roof will be spiral rising as a certain point, which neither will be vanishing nor representing power, instead, serving as a new primitive hut——anticipating the complex contemporary architecture context and the technical structure demands and finally combined into a single volumetric roof.
何为新庇所 | What is a new primitive hut？
The new primitive hut is a result of weak form. In uncertain NewYork, the new primitive hut is not an icon but on the contrary as an ambiguous object which reflects and merged into the diverse environment. What is the architectural language of proposing the weak form? The first step is to infinite four-sided figure, asymmetric, curtain, and unstable. Discipline relaxation of geometry was brought up meaning that it was difficult simply by that you could arrange the geometry of the surfaces in such a way that it was difficult to get that overall sense of where it was. As you move around it, it would appear to have different kinds of projections into space or at various times and at various times being differential into space. Once started to loosen the overall reading of it. The roof is a giant object and tries to figure out ways for it to have an ambiguous relationship to space. The new primitive is transformed into an architecture building and serves as a food hall for New York city containing food market, whole food, food exhibition and museum, restaurant and roof garden area.
Studio on ruin
Location: Mexico city
Instructor: Frida Escobedo
Time: Spring 2019
The ambition of the project is to redesign and discover the value of the ruins. The site is located in Mexico city–the unfinished new international airport. The airport was under 30% constructions and was a result of various problems: Financial problems, environmental issues, water, and waste issues. These are the current situations of Mexico city and the studio was trying to explore the potential ways of facing these difficult situations. Of course, it is not a problem-solving design strategy and it is not possible to solve those serious complicated problems. Instead, the design is rooted in discovering the waste of the site and treat the architectural wasted. Infrastructure, as a result, is inhabited through designing by the time, Therefore, the studio focuses on the transferring process and time change of the infrastructure through representations.
The first thing is to transform the design of time onto the site and integrate two different dimensions and convey architecture thinking in the form of architectural expression. The mapping includes three aspects: the first level is the degree of the ruins, the second is the mega infrastructure existing on the site, and the third level is how to design time represented by the grid is affected by the two factors effectively. The number of grids represents the variable of time. There is no difference between the grid, and the content does not change with the size of the grid. Therefore, the larger the number of grids, the denser of the areas will be concentrated, such as the most ruined inaccessible parts of the infrastructure. Time has been clearly planned throughout the huge site. Zoomed in to a closer dimension, the initial building performance which has gradually evolved into waste infrastructure. The design principle is how to collect and convert the “waste material” on-site, such as concrete, and then transform it into the infrastructure. Another factor that time brings is kinetic energy, giving back to the original infrastructure. Finally, what is essential is to express the entire process of time. Without setting the timeline or final form, the emphasis is on expressing the interaction between the architecture, time, and ruins on site.
▼废料产能，waste to energy
Time: Fall 2016
The site is located in the central park in Dessau. My aim is to concern about how humans are able to create things that can become part of the existing landscape and capture such activities, associated with nature within the context of the existing culture. The almost flat site was previously a meadow, which is artificial and autonomous. The scheme is to reorganize the relationship between architecture and landscape. Instead of a giant museum on the floor, I especially designed and protected the site plan with a geometric pattern conceived as a complicated arrangement of vatu, like the repetition of puzzle pieces. The landscape for this project is a sort of guideline for creating a new landscape. The building plays the role of shelter like the trees in the forest. As the presence of the architecture appears, the landscape recognizes itself naturally according to the building, transforming into a unique and attractive landscape. In this project, I explore the ways of merging architecture into the environment.
A beautiful floating building emerges in the air as if the dream-like landscape planned on the ground was reflected onto a huge mirror. The courtyard plays an important role between the museum and the ground playground. The ground is designed to be both as a garden and the first plan of the museum for exhibition. Communication is important. I proposed a new nature that matches the human scale instead of exceeding it like today’s park. As the presence of the architecture appears, the landscape recognizes itself naturally according to the building, transforming into a unique and attractive landscape. In this project, I explore the ways of merging architecture into the environment.
▼总平面图和功能空间示意，masterplan & programme
▼首层平面图&效果图，ground floor plan & rendering
▼二层平面图&轴测图，first floor plan & axo
▼平面+透视，plan & perspective
▼内部空间透视，internal space perspective
▼剖面图&效果图，sections & rendering