A bosom friend afar brings distant land near. The Oversea album shares the lives of Chinese living abroad with all. The No.56 episode is about , who graduated from SCI-Arc.
Why go abroad?
I think in china, people intend to considered architecture as an applied course which has too much restrict instead of a creative course. But what I am eager is the ability of independent thinking and development of career in the long-run. So, I inclined to study abroad to find more creativity.
Is there anything happened impressed you the most abroad?
Before the thesis, In the studio our principal Hernan Diaz Alonso told us “ You guys are doing architecture , not saving the world, do not think too much ”.
What do you miss the most about China?
Food and the scale of cities.
Will you come back? Why?
Finally I will come back, because architects will always miss the culture which initially influence and create themselves and they are more intending to think and design for that culture.
Is it more distinct to view China in a different environment after going abroad? Any thought?
Because I am deeply influenced by two different values, I actually see things in china more ambiguous. This is a quite interesting experience and even makes me feel magical realism. We are all impulse by the fast develop in china, and at the same time we have to gradually abandoned the traditional values and enhance the new values.
What are the educational characteristics of your school?
SCI-Arc的学生基本处于“放养”的状态，自由选题，自由表现。旨在一个相对自由的环境里通过几年的学习在最后的一次设计中发现建筑的“new power”力求在形式研究，可持续美学，生成类型学，几何类型学，以及时而的超现实主义上做到极致，这是前任校长 Eric Owen Moss总是强调的，所以在之前几年的毕业设计中甚至会有出现并不是在做建筑而是诸如装置设计或是只是在做一个效果的衍申设计的情况。最终呈现的布展学校对于图纸和模型的质量要求非常严苛，大比例模型和无数次的测试打印带来了最终布展的效果相当精致迷人。
SCI-ARC is a school more focus on the forms of architecture. This point makes SCI-ARC controversial but also accomplishes its unique position in west coast.
Students in SCI-ARC are free to choose the topic and choose the way they perform. The principle Eric Owen Moss always emphasis that he wants student find the new power of architecture , striving to achieve the ultimate in form research, sustainable aesthetics, generative typology, geometric typology, and sometimes surrealism. So, lots of the graduation projects in the early years are not about architecture, instead there are many installations or visual studies. School is extremely rigorous about the drawing and model in the final representation. Model in large scale and drawing which have experienced many times test print make the representation quite delicate and attractive.
Who is your favorite artist (in wider range such as art, music, movie)? What is the influence?
Martin Margiela ,个人最喜欢的服装设计师，其早期夸张怪异的解构形式和剪裁影响我在抽离形式讨论设计表现形式时更加大胆。
My favorite artist is Frances Bacon. His works create the atmosphere of anger, happy and even terror. In his work, I can feel the subtle emotion and the imagination hide behind each twisted portraits. This unique way of speculative thinking inspired me to explore more in the geometry in architecture field.
Martin Margiela is my favorite fashion designer. Its early exaggeration of the weird form of the deconstruction and tailoring of the form of discussion in the form of withdrawal from the design of more bold
What amazing character do your works have?
Compare to the attractive, I think my work is just more pure which completely illustrate the exploration in architecture forms. With the developing in modern architecture, building has already lost its eternity and become more abnormal and diversity. In the question what is architecture, we should abandon the mode of thinking in modernism and try to define the new system through the perspective of forms, keep seeking the liminality of architecture.
When did you start to follow gooood? Any suggestions?
I have been following gooood since 2001. As a designing website in China, it has an unique standpoint and provided a place for young architect to communicate.
W O R K
1. 顽固的球 Obstinate sphere
This thesis interrogates the constantly evolving relationship between liminal figures in architecture to produce cohesion and a state of contradiction simultaneously. Robert Venturi, in his seminal book Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture, argued for the embrace of a messy vitality. Taking Venturi’s position as a point of reference, this thesis works with a contemporary approach to the coexistence of formal clarity with unruly formal logics. The project is the design of the Academy Museum of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences on the LACMA campus in Los Angeles.
It is the intention of thesis to evolve new speciation from the formal primitive, imbuing the absent figure with new aesthetic qualities.
A set of spheres is repeatedly scaled and relocated adjacent to one another The multiple geometrical centers thus established are used to carve and compress spaces within the original building mass, which is the existing May Company building.
Each sphere is arrranged tangentially to the others and bisected by cutting its shell to create a series of distinctive spaces in the building. Maintaining both malleable and rigid thresholds, the unique spatial requirements of each program are accommodated. The AMMPAS complex contains: a 1000 seat theater with an adjacent stage and lobby area, public spaces, a museum and multiple administrative offices.
The formal strategy is to extrude the existing building volume which re-orients the corner site to allow for for public areas and landscape, producing a new way of engaging the campus.
2. 映射者与被映射者 Actor and reactor
This project is trying to explore the relationship between three geometrical elements—the line, the surface and the body and use them to create architecture forms. The project in locating in Los Angeles Chinatown metro station, converse the station to a traffic hub. By using the digital technology, I simulate the direction of wind and abstract it into lines, generating the geometrical system without original form, and using the directivity of lines to create surface. This surface is not only the reactor of lines, but also the reactor of architecture forms. random set three cubes into the station, using the reactor surfaces to carve ，to create the form. The initial form will become a reactor still be used as core area in the final form.
Finally, I illustrate the relationship among lines, surface, basic geometry, mapping surface, final form, geometry system and architectural space in an actor and reactor state.
3. 未定义的形态：爆米花 Undefined form / popcorn
How can we define a form and how can we define the architecture structure, function and many other elements into a new, undefined state and re-examining and explore the relationship among them. Because of the randomness and artificially in form, I choose popcorn as prototype and use high-speed camera to record whole process of its pop. Then I use the modeling technology to express the process. As a project which explores the form, the experiment is located in a park in Shibuya, Tokyo to avoid the influence of space. A set of modeling popcorn locating to the base and repeatedly remodel to the architecture form. The form as an naturally growth is undefined. At this point, the architectural function, surface and space is also undefined. Because of the characteristic of exploration inside the popcorn, the structure is growing freely by itself.
Exploring the undefined form is not the main purpose, instead, the idea of this project is to explore the relationship between the growing process of the form and the real popcorn and convert it into architecture field.
4. 形变 Meta mophosis
Starting with two morphology object, the project is seeking the intersection between them. Furthermore, we also want to create a space in between. The gap between two morphology start to create a possibility to connect the city, and also we fill the performance space into it. We connect performance space with the city.
For program organization, the programs separated into three parts. The soft body, which displays as a center volume of the whole project, it contains interior performance space and have its own circulation.
We designed the circulation in to an opposite way of the form of the volume, in order to experience the volume we created between the object, audience first go underground to enter the project and go up with the escalators.
Aperture plays an important role in the entire project, it display as an individual object fill it the surface. The opening of the aperture not only related to the form, but also related to the privacy of the program behind from Lobby of the concert hall to the other, Form big apertures to the small’s.
5. 简单的装饰性 Sample ornamentism
Church as an religion architecture which is with the mathematical geometrical column relationship. This project base on the Wells Cathedral as a prototype and extract the column and using the mathematic geometrical way to analysis it. Using the digital way to re-compose the mathematic relationship to create a change in geometry deformation and re-arrange the order. As column it have lost the initial practical function and become decoration.
The whole project trying to question the Architectural logic and base on the contemporary architecture logic react to it. When I break the initial order of the system, it doesn’t become disordered, instead, it become more logical and flexible.
6. IVRV住宅 IVRV house
在设计是在SCI-Arc的habitat humanity studio完成的在洛杉矶一个犯罪率较高的地区完成了一个结合建造的团队设计项目。该项目的特点包括让居住者感觉到“安全感”。住宅名为IVRV，与 Greater Los Angeles的人类栖息地分会（一个为有需要的人建造房屋的非盈利组织）合作建造的。该建筑位于一个犯罪率高的低收入社区——West Athens，这片地由洛杉矶县捐赠。除去捐赠的劳动力和建筑材料，该建筑每平方英寸花费165美元（112英镑）。
Group Students in a design-build program at the Southern California Institute of Architecture have completed a house in a crime-ridden area of Los Angeles, with features included to help occupants feel “safe and secure”. Called the IVRV House, the dwelling was built in collaboration with the Greater Los Angeles chapter of Habitat for Humanity, a nonprofit organisation that constructs homes for those in need. The home is located in West Athens, a crime-ridden and low-incomeneighbourhood, and was built on land donated by LA County. Excluding donated labour and materials, the house was constructed for $165 per square foot (￡112).
The brise-soleils, referred to as “eco-screens” by the design team, also have environmental benefits. The outer layer consists of black exterior metal panels that are designed to accommodate thin photovoltaic panels. The inner layer is made of vinyl strips coated in a photocatalyst material that captures and neutralises harmful particulates in the air.The layers are affixed to a steel tube structural frame. The IVRV House is our first completed project,turning the residential typology inside out – inverting and reversing convention functional relationships.
When: 2013 – Current
Where: Los Angeles, Tokyo
Name: Rome Cao 曹煜
Office: Mad Architects , Isozaki&Aoki Associate