What do the most interesting and innovative design offices in the world look like?
OFFICE FACT reveals the woking method and the environment of them for you. This is the No.16, Snøhetta.
▼ 入口处亮丽的色彩与平凡的建筑形成了反差，External View of the office
Snøhetta began as a collaborative architectural and landscape workshop, and has remained true to its trans-disciplinary way of thinking since its inception. Today, Snøhetta has grown to become an internationally renowned practice of architecture, landscape architecture, interior architecture and brand design. Comprised of two main studios, in Oslo, Norway and New York, USA, the practice currently has more than 180 employees from 30 different nations.
In 1989, Snøhetta received its first commission to re-invent the great Alexandria Library in Egypt, after winning an international design competition. This was followed a decade later by another competition-winning proposal for the Norwegian National Opera and Ballet. In 2004, Snøhetta was commissioned to build the only cultural building on the World Trade center memorial site, and a permanent office was then set up in New York. Snøhetta is currently involved in several projects in Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania, and the Americas. Working globally gives each designer valuable cultural and economic insight and creates the foundation of Snøhetta’s continuously evolving professional knowledge base.
Snøhetta practices a self-defined trans-disciplinary process in which different professionals – from architects to visual artists, philosophers to sociologists – exchange roles in order to explore differing perspectives without the prejudice of convention. Within our office, Snøhetta emphasizes an open exchange between roles and disciplines – architects, landscape architects, interior architects, and graphic designers collaborate in an integrated process, ensuring multiple voices are represented from the onset of the project.
When working with clients, this approach continues when we challenge clients to become architects and architects to become to clients. When interested parties come together as equals, we create a place to mutually understand each other’s objective and interests. Transpositioning promotes the positive benefits of moving out of one’s comfort zone. It defies narrow-minded thinking and encourages holistic approaches.
A definite relationship between multiple disciplines is a driving force in all of Snøhetta’s work. This is demonstrated over the company’s long history that the disciplines of landscape and architecture should be worked together without division from the earliest stages of designs.
Snøhetta’s commitment to an integrated trans-disciplinary practice, including architecture, landscape, interior, and design, has few parallels within the industry. The quality and strength of identity provoked by out designs is achieved by incorporating deep research, leveraging what are often challenges as opportunity, and factoring the social and political environment in the creative process. Our approach focuses on the dialogue between building and place, each informing the other. The inherent character and conditions of any site are carefully considered to provide a sound point of departure for each ensuing design. Projects truly of place can foster meaningful and often surprising interactions, creating something simultaneously new and timeless.
The realization of a design vision is a process: it accumulates richness and beauty through time. We believe that as designers we plant the seeds for this growth, grounding transformations of places with clear and precise concepts that create opportunities for the public to collaborate in shaping their future. Such design interventions that also arise from a deep understanding of local context, history, and the surrounding ecology are those which develop the most unique identity.
Snøhetta strives to provide the highest quality design that derives its power from the potential at the edges of disciplinary boundaries. A Norwegian word that can enhance this understanding is “hildring,” which refers to a kind of mirage that occurs when the line separating the sea and the sky disappears. Here, in this dissolving line, it may be possible to appreciate the differences in meaning and context that occur when we approach a new creation.
▼ 彩色鲜艳的内部大空间与建筑外表形成了鲜明对比，The interior space in bright colors in contrast with the building
设计方法 Design Methodology
Snøhetta approaches design with the idea that creativity is not always the sole domain of the architect or the designer, but is a product and process of collaboration among all participants in a project. We believe that architecture and design also can allow creativity to emerge from within, resulting in an organic realization of a shared vision. In practice, we begin our research by meeting with the client, community groups, and other stakeholders to gain a holistic view on the goals of the project.
Collaboration is at the core of our culture, and we have a track-record of working seamlessly with local architect partners as well as integrating technical information from our consultants.
Snøhetta has extensive experience with complex public projects in New York City, notably the National September 11th Memorial & Museum, the Norwegian National Opera and Ballet, and the Times Square Reconstruction. Through our work on large high profile projects, our design leaders are adept at negotiating multi-headed client bodies and fielding the often conflicting interests of a wide range of stakeholders. Snøhetta thrives from rich collaborations with large consultant teams and client groups alike, and excels at the art of careful consensus building through multiple workshops, charettes, agency review committees, and other working venues. Client, user, and internal office workshops drive our design process and can often produce the most exciting, useful and fresh takes on a problem, giving way to a built project that can respond in kind.
Our team has expertise not only in developing programs for new facilities and public spaces based on needs, but also on complex projects involving existing spaces and additions that must also consider the existing “supply” of spaces and opportunities. Facilitating a programming process which balances the two, gets broad input, looks outside our industry for best practices, and integrates cost analysis is our hallmark.
Snøhetta’s working method practices a simultaneous exploration of traditional handicraft and cutting edge digital technology – a serendipitous relationship that drives our creative process. At the core of the design studio is a state-of-the-art modeling workshop equipped with 3D rapid prototyping capabilities and a large, programmable manufacturing robot. Alongside traditional woodworking machines, these tools enable rapid prototyping to become an integral part of the design processes, and allow ideas to move seamlessly between analogue and digital worlds and back again.
By creating strong initial concepts, we are able to accommodate a wide variety of modifications to the scheme without sacrificing the qualities envisioned. Once the project is realized, its success is based on both its aesthetic discussion and its functional conditions.
Snøhetta values human interaction. All of the studio’s work strives to enhance our sense of place, identity and relationship to others and the physical spaces we inhabit, whether natural or human-made. Art museums, reindeer observatories, visual identities, urban places, and dollhouses get the same care and attention to purpose. Trends are routinely ignored and essence is actively pursued.
At the heart of all our work lies a commitment to social sustainability, shaping the built environment in the service of humanism, and our projects involve extensive collaboration with clients, users, contractors and other stakeholders. We are interested in exploring the places we use in daily life, such as homes, schools, workplaces and public space. We know that well-conceived design we can help things run more efficiently, improve people’s well-being and make life more enjoyable. Every project is a unique expression of the ethos of its users, climate, and context.
Recognizing the wide range of environments that the building industry impacts, Snøhetta remains committed to careful analysis of the environmental and social effects of each phase of a project. We actively seek technical solutions that provide the most economical and natural systems for minimizing the environmental impact of the buildings we design. When the design development process allows for technology and architecture to optimize for a minimal environmental impact, we create building-integrated solutions where the architectural design responds to the strategy for ventilation, heating, cooling, lighting, acoustics etc.
We focus on letting knowledge of local climate, energy resources, and building materials and techniques to inform the design from the early stages of design development. A growing awareness of the environmental impact of our material palette and a stronger focus on the lifecycle perspective challenge each project to bring together the above-mentioned parameters to spark new concepts for the design of indoor and outdoor spaces.
Snøhetta is currently engaged in several pilot projects, both commercial and housing. We are participating in the important process of establishing new standards within planning and constructing in the building industry. The resulting technical results and design solutions will influence the industry on many levels, from the definition and writing of building codes to the common acceptance of early stage interdisciplinary team work.
▼ 二层平面，Second Floor / 一层平面，First Floor
2004 – Aga Khan Award for Architecture // Library Alexandrina, Egypt
2008 – Statens Byggeskikkpris // Norwegian National Opera and Ballet, Norway
2009 – World Architecture Awards – Best Cultural Building // Norwegian National Opera and Ballet, Norway
2009 – Mies Van der Rohe Award // Norwegian National Opera and Ballet, Norway
2010 – European Prize for Public Space // Norwegian National Opera and Ballet, Norway
2010 – Global Award for Sustainable Architecture // Snøhetta
2010 – Marble Architectural Awards (MAA) 2010 // Norwegian National Opera and Ballet, Norway
2011 – Fiatech CETI Award – Intelligent and Automated Construction Site Category // James B. Hunt Jr. Library
2011 – Maurio Pani Award // Kjetil T. Thorsen and Craig Dykers
2011 – Global Trade Award // Snøhetta NY
2011 – Canadian Architects Award of Excellence // Ryerson Student Learning Center, Canada
2010 – International Architecture Awards, Chicago Athenaeum // Norwegian National Opera and Ballet, Norway
2011 – World Architecture Festival, Category-winner Display // Norwegian Wild Reindeer Pavilion, Norway
2011 – Archdaily Building of the Year // Norwegian Wild Reindeer Pavilion, Norway
2012 – Grosch Award // Snøhetta
2012 – Gullblyanten, Gold for Visual Identity // DNB, Norway
2012 – Houens Fond Diploma // Norwegian National Opera and Ballet, Norway
2012 – WAN Transport Award // Houston Central Station, USA
2012 – AIA Medal // World Trade Center project, USA
2012 – AIA Ohio Honor Award // Wolfe Center for the Collaborative Arts, USA
2012 – AIA New York – Citation for Design // Guatemala Bench, Guatemala
2012 – LEED Silver // Wolfe Center for the Collaborative Arts, USA
2012 – Honor Award – Toledo Chapter for AIA Design Awards // Wolfe Center for the Collaborative Arts, USA
2012 – Achieved Landmark Status for Historic Preservation // Norwegian National Opera and Ballet, Norway 2013 – Aberdeen Civil Society Award // Maggie’s Cancer Caring Center, Scotland
2013 – NYC Design Excellence Award // Far Rockaway Library, USA
2013 – 2013 Design Excellence Award // Far Rockaway, USA
2013 – Commonwealth Award for Concrete Excellence // Virginia Tech, USA
2013 – Sir Walter Raleigh Award // James B. Hunt Jr. Library, USA
2013 – AIA Dallas Honor Award // Dallas Park Pavilion, USA
2013 – AIA/ALA Library Building Awards // James B. Hunt Jr. Library, USA
2013 – Action Maverick Award // Snøhetta
2014 – Stanford Prize for Innovation in Research Libraries (SPIRL) // James B. Hunt Jr. Library, USA
2014 – IIDA/ALA Library Design Awards – Best in Category // James B. Hunt Jr. Library, USA
2014 – MIPIM Award, Best Futura Project // MAX IV, Sweden
2014 – Kasper Salin Prize 2014, Swedish Association of Architects // Väven, Umeå, Sweden
2014 – Best Design Agency of the Year, Byråprofil // Snøhetta
2015 – WAN Sustainable Buildings 2015 Award // Plus House Larvik, Norway
2015 – Red Dot Award: Communication Design // Living the Nordic Light Annual Report
2015 – Most Beautiful Book of the Year, Grafill // Living the Nordic Light Annual Report
2015 – Visuelt Gull: Reports, catalogues, brochures // Living the Nordic Light Annual Report
2015 – D&AD Wood Pencil // Living the Nordic Light Annual Report
2015 – Design Excellence Award, Ontario Association of Architects // Queen’s University
2015 – Award for Design Excellence 2015, DogA // Living the Nordic Light Annual Report
2016 – Green Good Design Award // Plus House Larvik
2016 – WIN Museum Interior Award Shortlist // SFMOMA Expansion
2016 – National AIA/ALA Library Building Award // Ryerson University SLC
2016 – AIA NY Design Award – Honor Award // Ryerson University SLC
2016 – ULI NY Award for Excellence in Institutional Development // National September Memorial Museum Pavilion
2016 – Award for Design Excellence, DogA // Exhibition: Snøhetta People Process Projects
▼ 瑞尔斯大学学习中心大楼，Ryerson University’s new Student Learning Centre （点击蓝色链接查看更多, click here to read more）
▼ 利勒哈默艺术博物馆和影院的二次扩建，second expansion to Lillehammer Art Museum and Lillehammer Cinema （点击蓝色链接查看更多, click here to read more）
▼ 挪威国家公园新视觉标识，Norway’s National Park’s new visual identity （点击蓝色链接查看更多, click here to read more）