The Local Activity Center is a project that aims to create a space that would be the focal point for the life of the local residents and enable them to integrate. The architecture of the background, modest and blending into the surroundings, creating space rather than being the visible cubature itself.
▼周边环境鸟瞰，top view in the context of the district © Marcin Giba
▼项目鸟瞰，view from above in the context of the close neighborhood © Marcin Giba
The project is located in the city of Rybnik in southern Poland. It comprises 27 districts and their respective residents still feel a strong territorial independence despite belonging to the same city. The idea of LAC came as a response to the emerging negative social phenomena and the need to create space for all cultural and sports activities and social integration, as well as be a kind of symbol of the district.
▼两栋建筑围合出的活动广场，the semi-atrium space of the square © Michał Jędrzejowski
The project scope is to cover most of the districts, but in the first instance three of them were selected: Klokocin, Ochojec, Paruszowiec. A pilot project was (realised) built in Klokocin. Each location has its own specific character. The challenge was to create a universal building flexible enough to be adapted to the different contexts of the sites. By twisting rectangular solids they blend in with its surroundings.
▼坐落于三个市区的活动中心，LAC in three different districts © Marlena Wolnik MWArchitekci
▼体块生成，concept diagram © Marlena Wolnik MWArchitekci
The main structure is a building with a multifunctional room. Right behind it there is an open space, kitchen, toilets and technical room. In addition, a shelter was also designed in the same architectural style, forming a coherent whole with the building. This structure during the pandemic and the related ban on the use of closed spaces, unexpectedly became the main meeting place for the locals.
▼多功能活动室东北测主入口立面，building – front elevation (north-east) © Jakub Certowicz
▼多功能活动室西北侧立面，building – side elevation (north-west) © Jakub Certowicz
Both structures create a kind of semi-atrial space. They are based on a rectangular plan with a twisted roof plane. The roof also fulfils a utilitarian function through the design of the integrated seats, which can be used both on the everyday basis as resting places and as stands during major outdoor events.
▼凉亭庇护所结构，shelter interior vs space of the square © Jakub Certowicz
▼凉亭成为孩子们的游乐场，shelter – children’s playground © Michał Jędrzejowski / Jakub Certowicz
▼屋顶设有阶梯式座椅可以作为观众看台使用，Stepped seating on the roof can be used as stand © Michał Jędrzejowski
The twisted shape – seemingly difficult to fabricate – turned out to be so simple in principle that it was made by local contractors who had not previously dealt with carpentry work. The rhythm of the glue laminated timber rafters, lengthening in leaps on one side and shortened on the other side, creates a characteristic, twisted roof plane. The consistency of material is complemented by the façade covered with larch planks, which turn gray over time, making the buildings blend in even more with the surroundings. The materials used come from the local manufacturers, which made the transport costs low.
▼立面上的落叶松木板与屋顶材质和谐统一，The consistency of material is complemented by the façade covered with larch planks © Jakub Certowicz
▼雪天使用场景，Snow day usage scenario © Bartek Barczyk
值得一提的是，当地社区的居民也参与到LAC社区活动中心的建设进程中，从最初的社会调查到后期的协调管理阶段，都展现出他们的社会责任感。建筑中采用的木材作为一种需要维护与“照料”的材料，成为人际关系与社会关系的暗喻 —— 只有相互理解相互照顾，人们才能更好地生活与发展下去。同样，LAC社区活动中心也正是因为被其所属地的居民们使用，受到居民们的照顾，才显得更为珍贵与重要。
Thanks to the fact that the residents of the estate were involved in the LAC development process – from social consultations through to its management – they feel fully responsible for it. The use of wood – a material that requires renovation and ‘care’ – has become a metaphor for interpersonal and social relationships that need to be looked after to exist. Similarly, the building of the Local Activity Center, which is used and looked after by the residents of the district to which it belongs, will be a testimony of how important it is to them.
▼多功能活动室室内概览，overall of the multifunctional activity room interior © Jakub Certowicz
▼大面积的玻璃为室内提供了充足的自然采光，Large areas of glass provide plenty of natural light for the interior © Jakub Certowicz
▼雪天航拍顶视图，aerial top view of the project in snow day © Bartek Barczyk
▼总平面图，site plan © Marlena Wolnik MWArchitekci
▼多功能活动室平面图，plan of the building © Marlena Wolnik MWArchitekci
▼立面图与剖面图，elevations and sections © Marlena Wolnik MWArchitekci
Project name: Local Activity Centre
Company name: Marlena Wolnik MWArchitekci
Contact e-mail: email@example.com
Location: Rybnik, Poland
Completion Year: 2019
Lead Architects：Marlena Wolnik, Agnieszka Borkowska
Design Team：Marlena Wolnik, Agnieszka Borkowska, Jan Fiałkowski, Barbara Rokicka, Aleksandra Rudnicka
Photo credits: Jakub Certowicz, Marcin Giba, Michał Jędrzejowski, Bartek Barczyk