Interpretation Space of the Alcazar Wall of Arjona by Mensulae|Architecture & Heritage

Reinterpretation of historic space though new materials and traditional constructive methods

Project Specs

Location:

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设计需要保留和加固Arjona城堡中的不同防御元素,并且创造一个可以诠释城墙的空间,帮助唤起人们的意识,提升这座防御综合体的价值和知名度。这是一个供游客和文化活动使用的公共空间,由与现存墙体的起始点、位置和高度相呼应的不同区域组成。其中包含护城河空间;一片可以进入的区域用来陈列博物馆资料,向游客说明这座中世纪遗迹;保留原始遗迹间隔和尺度的liza空间,可以帮助人们对防御结构进行空间解读;经过规范化翻新的裙楼和塔内空间,设有一座连接上层体量的楼梯。

▼项目入口和整体外观,entrance of the project and the overall external view ©J. Escudero

The proposal involved the consolidation and conservation of the different defensive elements, as well as the creation of a space for the interpretation of the wall of the Alcázar of Arjona, which would help to raise awareness, enhance the value and publicize this defensive complex. This is a public space for tourist and cultural use made up of various areas that coincide with the original starts, dispositions and heights of the remains of the various known wall structures: the moat space, an accessible area where the museum materials are located for the interpretation of the medieval remains; the liza space, which maintains the dimensions and separation between the original remains that helps the spatial interpretation of the defensive structures; the podium space and the interior of the tower with a staircase access which, together with the upper volume of the tower, receives a new constructive formalisation.

▼项目鸟瞰,aerial view of the project ©J. Escudero

▼项目沿街立面,facade along the street ©J. Escudero

▼公共空间,public space ©J. Escudero

▼通往上层体量的楼梯,staircase connecting to the upper volume ©J. Escudero

▼讲述城墙历史的模型,model explaining the history of the wall ©J. Escudero

通过考古工作,设计师获取了许多原始塔楼结构相关的数据,为新体量的设计设立了一套建造标准,以重新诠释原本的空间。新的体量建立在由石灰混凝土重力墙组成,采用传统的“tapial”技术,内置木制框架;体量高度可以满足重新平衡墙体间推力的需求。这种方式利用材料的不同,传达出了这座纪念性构筑物的不同阶段。建造技术和新的材料尊重原始建筑的基础部分,与它的组成成分、色彩、纹理乃至周边关系相平衡。运用与过去相似的传统施工流程,设计保证了新的结构与已有元素的和谐统一。

▼轴测图,建造方式分析
axonometric, analysis of the constructive method ©Mensulae | Architecture & Heritage

The historical-archaeological work obtained certain data on the original constructive configuration of the tower that made it possible to establish a constructive criterion for the formalisation of the new volume of the tower to be reintegrated. This second volume was built up to the height necessary for the rebalancing of thrusts by a lime concrete gravity wall using the traditional “tapial” technique, with wooden formwork. Thus implementing a new discourse with the use of materiality as a differentiating element of the different stages of the monument. The intervention was based on the criterion of preserving the authenticity and integrity of the monument; therefore, the construction techniques and new materials respect the basic parts of the monument, the balance of the composition, its chromatism, texture and its relationship with its surroundings. These are traditional construction procedures, similar to the originals, which ensure compatibility and integration with the pre-existing elements.

▼新的墙体采用石灰混凝土,与旧墙体相和谐
new volume constructed in lime concrete, being harmony with the original wall ©J. Escudero

▼墙体细部,内置木材框架,details of the wall using wooden frames ©J. Escudero

▼项目所在位置分析,location of the project ©Mensulae | Architecture & Heritage

▼细部图纸,detail drawings ©Mensulae | Architecture & Heritage

 

Project name: INTERPRETATION SPACE OF THE ALCAZAR WALL OF ARJONA
Company name: Mensulae | Architecture & Heritage
Website: https://www.mensulae.com/
Contact e-mail: info@mensulae.com
Location: 22, Calle del Sol, Arjona, Spain
Completion Year: 2019
Other participants: Architect In Charge: Sebastián M. Rueda Godino
Design Team: Mensulae | Architecture & Heritage
Client: Excmo. Arjona City Council / https://www.arjona.es
Constructor: Construcciones Gallardo Barrera SL / http://www.gallardoconstructora.es/

Collaborators:
Jesús R. Rubia Risquez, Architect
Juan C. Castillo Armenteros, Archaeologist
Rafael Pérez Moreno, Restorer
Antonio Salas Sola, Art Historian
Lorenzo Sánchez Martinez, Technical Arch.
Photo credits: J. Escudero

Manufacturers:
CTS ESPAÑA: restoration products / https://www.ctseurope.com/es/
FYM: concrete / https://www.fym.es/es
GECOL: lime / https://www.gecol.com/

Youtube / Vimeo links: https://youtu.be/x_rI1a_e8qA

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