Hollow / Katie Paterson and Zeller & Moye

Ten thousand trees telling the history of the planet.

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布里斯托尔大学最近公布了一件由艺术家Katie Paterson和建筑师Zeller & Moye创作的公共艺术作品。这件名为“树洞”的作品将永久性地竖立在布里斯托尔历史悠久的皇家城堡花园中。

The University of Bristol unveiled a new public artwork by artist Katie Paterson and architects Zeller & Moye. Entitled Hollow, the artwork will be permanently sited in the historic Royal Fort Gardens in Bristol. The launch of the artwork is marked by the release of a companion digital website and public participation project, Treebank, in association with BBC Four.

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这件位于花园附近的艺术作品,是布里斯托尔大学用来庆祝新生命科学楼的落成而委托艺术家创作的,由本土艺术制作商Situations搭建而成。历经三年研究和搜集,收到来自植物园、植物标本工作室以及世界各地收藏者的慷慨捐赠,才完成这座至今为止英国最全最大的树种集合作品,展示了来自全球各地——从日本的屋久岛到加利福尼亚州的怀特山——10,000余个种类的树木样本。

有些树木的样本非常罕见——存在的年代久远到难以想象;而有些样本则承载了厚重的人类历史——例如来自巴拿马运河铁路的枕木以及打捞自2012年飓风导致的沉船残骸。从世界上最古老的树种到最年幼的濒临灭绝的树种,这件艺术品跨越时间和空间,饱含这个星球的历史和不断进化的故事:从来自印度的见证了释迦牟尼开悟大成的榕树到亲历了人类历史最黑暗一刻的广岛上的银杏树。

The artwork has been commissioned to mark the opening of the University’s new Life Sciences building in the vicinity of the gardens and is produced by Bristol-based arts producers, Situations. The result of three years’ research and sourcing, the collection of tree species (one of the largest amassed in the UK to date) has been built through the generosity of arboretums, xylaria, herbaria and collectors world-wide. Over 10,000 unique tree species have been gathered from across the planet, from Yakushima, Japan to the White Mountains of California, with generous donations from the Herbario Nacional de México, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Kyoto University, the Arnold Arboretum at Harvard and many more.

Katie Paterson recalls: “Some samples are incredibly rare – fossils of unfathomable age, and fantastical trees such as Cedar of Lebanon, the Phoenix Palm, and the Methuselah tree thought to be one of the oldest trees in the World at 4,847 years of age, as well as a railroad tie taken from the Panama Canal Railway, which claimed the lives of between 5,000 to 10,000 workers over its 50 year construction and wood is salvaged from the remnants of the iconic Atlantic city boardwalk devastated by hurricane Sandy in 2012.”

The samples of wood span time and space and have been sourced from across the globe. From the oldest tree in the world to some of the youngest and near-extinct species, the tree samples contain within them stories of the planet’s history and evolution through time. From the Indian Banyan Tree, under which Buddha achieved enlightenment, to the Japanese Ginkgo tree in Hiroshima, a tree that witnessed and survived one of the darkest moments of human history.

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跨越数百万年,“树洞”是一个世界上全体森林的微缩模型,在这个微观世界的内部是一根根广袤无垠的“树木”,叙说着星球的历史。外部成簇的造型反映了森林树冠的生态系统,错落的花旗木柱子象征着高低不同的树木。“树洞”内部是是10,000余个树种的集合,涵盖了从出现自3亿9千万年前的早期森林的树化石到最新才出现的全新树种。

建筑师Zeller and Ingrid Moye告诉gooood:“‘树洞’内部是一个内向的冥想式的空间,无论是作者还是站着,人都会发现自己被历史所环抱。我们的设计集合了成千上万不大不同的木块,拼凑成一个无垠浩瀚的树之宇宙,产生了特有的肌理、光晕和钟乳石一般的形体。”

Spanning millions of years, Hollow is a miniature forest of all the world’s forests, telling the history of the planet through the immensity of tree specimens in microcosm. The exterior cluster structure reflects a forest canopy’s ecosystem, the forms of the Douglas Fir posts reflecting the varying heights of trees. The interior of Hollow tells the history of the planet through over 10,000 unique tree species, from petrified wood fossils of the earliest forests that emerged 390 million years ago to the most recent emergent species.

Architects Christoph Zeller and Ingrid Moye recall: “The hollow interior is an introverted and meditative space where, whether sitting or standing, one finds oneself embraced by history. Our design conjoins thousands of wooden blocks of differing sizes to form one immense cosmos of wood producing textures, apertures and stalactites. Openings in the vaulted top let in just enough natural light to create the dappled light effect of a forest canopy.”

Professor Guy Orpen, Deputy Vice-Chancellor of the University of Bristol and Chair of its Public Arts Committee, said: “We’re very excited to see Hollow in situ at Royal Fort Gardens – it’s quite amazing to think that trees of all ages, from so many different families and from all corners of the earth, will be represented.

“It’s certainly a captivating way to celebrate the important work taking place in our world-leading Life Sciences building, where our researchers are studying many of the acute challenges which face humanity this century – such as food security, biodiversity loss and climate change. Hollow allows us to connect in new and previously unimagined ways with the beauty, complexity and depth of the natural world.”

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在制作“树洞”的同时,Situations联合BBC第四频道创立了一个公共参与项目,Treebank。这一新兴的数字平台是一个在线档案馆,每个人都可以来此分享关于树一切,捕捉它们如何塑造了我们生存的这个星球。通过音频、视频或图片供稿,来描述一个特殊的地方和时间,可以是一颗稀有而古老的树也可以是一颗常见而对个人来说意义非凡的树,如此为未来打造一个数字森林。

Alongside Hollow, Situations has developed a public participation project in association with BBC Four, called Treebank. This new digital platform offers everyone the chance to contribute to a online archive of memories, impressions and creative responses which capture how trees shape our existence on the planet. These might include audio or visual contributions, describing a particular place and time, a rare and ancient tree or a common, but personally significant tree to create a digital forest for the future.

▽ 内部平面图,interior plan

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▽ 顶部平面图,roof plan

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▽ 剖面图,secton

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Katie Paterson and Zeller & Moye, Hollow, 2016. Courtesy of University of Bristol and Situations, photo: Max McClure

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