2018年10月24日，慕尼黑音乐厅在集中使用了30年后，开始了修理改造计划。经过了国际竞赛和投标，HENN的设计方案最终获选。慕尼黑音乐厅是欧洲最大的文化中心，每年要接待大约两百万游客。慕尼黑音乐厅最初由Raue, Rollenhagen, Lindemann和Grossmann作为合作伙伴设计而成，在1984/85年开放。音乐厅的现代化和广泛的文化活动令慕尼黑有了一栋全球独一无二的建筑。新设计中加入了一个新的建筑元素：玻璃栈桥，用来连接建筑已有部分和新的玻璃幕墙区域，玻璃幕墙令过路的行人可以看到音乐厅内部充满活力的景象，并欢迎游客和职员成为城市文化生活的一份子。这个“Kulturbühne”（文化舞台）同时作为新音乐厅的主要象征，另外，从设计方面看，透明、开放的玻璃幕墙和原有建筑类似于庞大石头的体块形成对比。为了实现“一个”（“ONE”）音乐厅的设想，新的文化舞台在水平和垂直方向都有所延伸，来保持音乐厅各部分空间上的连续性。文化舞台同时可以作为交通节点、前厅、展览和活动空间使用。它为游客和员工提供了清晰的视野，同时还作为建筑各个功能之间的连接路径。除去使用功能外，文化舞台的每个元素都有它的定位和特征，无论是交响乐演奏厅（Philharmonic）、卡尔奥尔夫礼堂（Carl Orff Auditorium）、图书馆还是慕尼黑Volkshochschule（继续教育中心——MVHS）。从城市规划角度来看，引人入胜的台阶抵消了音乐厅原先孤立的感觉，使音乐厅与“gache Steig”（从Isar河到新音乐厅的上坡）形成了更合理自然的连接。
October 24th, 2018 – After 30 years of intensive use, the Gasteig cultural centre in Munich is to undergo renovation and remodelling. Following the international competition and tender process, HENN‘s proposal has been selected for the renovation of the Gasteig in Munich. With around two million visitors annually, the Gasteig is the largest cultural centre in Europe. It was originally designed by the architecture partnership Raue, Rollenhagen, Lindemann and Grossmann and was opened in 1984/85. The modernisation of the Gasteig provides Munich with a building that will be globally unique thanks to its wide range of cultural activities. The design introduces a new architectural element in the form of a glazed bridge, connecting the existing parts of the building and bestowing a new transparency on the complex – an innovation that opens the Gasteig up to city, affords perspectives of the inner vibrancy of the building, and welcomes visitors and staff alike to be part of the city’s cultural life. This “Kulturbühne” (Cultural Stage) simultaneously acts as the leitmotif and generates the identity of the new Gasteig, whilst in design terms its transparent, glazed and open architecture stands in deliberate contrast to the monolithic and mineral-like character of the existing building. Following the idea of “ONE” Gasteig, the new Culture Stage extends both horizontally and vertically as a spatial continuum through all the sections of the Gasteig. The Cultural Stage functions simultaneously as a circulation node, foyer, exhibition space and an event area. It provides both visitors and staff with clear orientations and short routes between all of the building’s functions. Regardless of its use, the Cultural Stage gives each element its own locational anchoring and individual identity, be it the Philharmonic, the Carl Orff Auditorium, the library or the Munich Volkshochschule (Centre of Further Education – MVHS). In urban planning terms, the previous isolation of the Gasteig is countered by means of an inviting flight of steps. An emphasis is given to the gradient towards the River Isar, forming a spatial and logical continuation of the so-called “gache Steig” – the steep ascent from the Isar to the new Gasteig.
进入建筑后是两个通往更高一层的宽楼梯，部分可以当做座位使用，作为文化舞台（Cultural Stage）的中心景观。这里还可作为大礼堂的前厅，提供餐饮和吧台，还可以用作展览和活动空间。新设计方案中的一个关键点是要同步一系列的设计：翻新交响乐演奏厅，提供最佳声学和空间体验；将多功能卡尔奥尔夫礼堂设计成音乐厅内最灵活的空间；图书馆设计成开放式阅读学习空间；继续教育中心，包括信息咨询区，则沿文化舞台布置。最后，交响乐演奏厅上方的Ausblick（远眺）餐厅处于音乐厅的最高处，为客人提供多角度景观，从慕尼黑安联球场（Allianz Arena）到玛丽恩教堂（Frauenkirche），再到楚格峰（Zugspitze）。
Once inside, two wide staircases, which are partly formed as seating podiums, lead up to the first upper storey – the centrepiece of the Cultural Stage. This is where all of the foyers to the large auditoria are located, together with the accompanying catering and bar areas, as well as the exhibition and event spaces. A major factor in new proposal is that it meets a number of goals in synchrony: the Philharmonic is refurbished to create an optimal acoustic and spatial experience; the multifunctional Carl Orff Auditorium is re-designed to become the most flexible space in the Gasteig; the layout of the library transforms it into an open reading and studying land- scape; and the MVHS – including its information and advice areas – is housed running along the length of the Cultural Stage. Finally, located above the Philharmonic, the new Ausblick restaurant forms the vertical conclusion of the Gasteig, offering its guests a panorama view stretching from the Allianz Arena, past the Frauenkirche and out to the Zugspitze.
▼两个部分可以当做座位的宽楼梯，two wide staircases, which are partly formed as seating podiums
In terms of its complex shell structure and its intricate roof construction, the goal in modernising the Philharmonic is to create an absolutely optimal acoustic and spatial experience using minimal architectural interventions. The stage is pushed towards the centre of the hall and is enclosed with additional rows of seats to the rear, moving the sound source more to the middle of the hall. New audience balconies are attached in the areas along the sidewalls previously occupied by the sound-absorbent shell cladding, the balconies acting as acoustically active elements and making the space more compact in terms of design. The colour and the grained texture of the floor and the parapet cladding cite the tactile feel of string instruments. They are executed in wood and are equipped with an acoustically effective relief. The core element is the new sound sails – large curved acoustic roof reflectors that float above the orchestra as if they were clouds and that play a decisive role in improving the sound quality for the musicians.
The multifunctional Carl-Orff-Auditorium is designed to become the most flexible space in the Gasteig. Uses such as cinema, ballet, performances, theatre and concerts require a high degree modifiability. In order to configure and use the auditorium as flexibly as possible, it is planned to install under-stage machinery with various different lifting platforms, allowing the majority of the area of the auditorium to be used at a single level and the gradation in the audience areas to be adapted as needed. Simultaneously, the orchestra has to remain visibly represented. The stage, the stage portal and the side stages are to be newly designed. The new spatial geometry in the form of a rectangular delineation, as well as the addition of a gallery in the upper part of the auditorium, mean that audience capacity is increased to 1,000 persons.
▼交响乐演奏厅剖面，section of Philharmonic
The layout of the library transforms it into an open reading and studying landscape, offering areas for both concentrated contemplation as well as communication. Following the smart working principle, and in tandem with numerous new work and study spaces, the open-access area is organised over a number of storeys. Differentiated furnishings provide the visitors with attractive places to read, research and to learn. Additional project areas and maker spaces, which intersperse the spatial continuum of the library like islands, allow a number of people to work together without disturbing the other users. The spatial enlargement of the atriums within the library provides clear spatial coordinates and establishes visual lines of association between the individual focal areas. The safeguarding and tracking of the books, tablets and laptops via a RFID system allows the library to be accessed at all levels of the “Kulturbühne” (the Cultural Stage).
▼“gache Steig”——从Isar河到新音乐厅的上坡, “gache Steig” – the steep ascent from the Isar to the new Gasteig
慕尼黑Volkshochschule (继续教育中心 – MVHS)有独立的位置，包括一层的信息咨询处，还有文化舞台从东到西的通路上，无论从哪个入口进入建筑都可以马上看到。MVHS由它的子中心运营，同时构成清晰的定位系统，所有的学费室配备了最现代的数字设备。空间的多样、流线的布局为音乐与表演艺术大学（University of Music and Performing Arts）和文化提升服务提供了交叉协同作用。两个宽敞的中庭为学费室和工作区提供了充足的日照。
The Centre of Further Education
The Munich Volkshochschule (Centre of Further Education – MVHS) has its address, including its information and advice rooms on the ground floor, along the thoroughfare from east to west in the middle of the Cultural Stage. It is immediately visible from both entrances. The MVHS is organised via its sub-centres, which simultaneously constitute a clear system of orientation. All of the tuition rooms are equipped to the most modern digital standards. The spatial constellation and layout of the circulation and sanitary cores provide cross-synergies with both the University of Music and Performing Arts (HMTM) and the cultural promotion services. Two spacious atriums guarantee optimal daylighting of the tuition rooms and the workspaces.
As a landmark the Gasteig has a tangible presence seen from many vantage points in the city. At the same time its prominent height makes it a fantastic platform from which to view the city stretching out to the Alps. In order to allow everyone in Munich to enjoy this exclusive panorama, the new“Ausblick” restaurant forms the vertical culmination of the Gasteig. Visitors reach the à-la-carte restaurant directly via a sky lift, the entrance of which is located at street level along Inneren-Wiener-Straße. The elongated delineation of the restaurant means that all of the tables and seating are located practically in the front row. In summer the floor-to-ceiling glass facade slides open and the interior space merges with the terrace.
▼室内远眺公共空间，interior public space for distant view
Deliveries and disposals are organised at basement level via a central goods entrance feeding from the one-way street system. The entrance is situated at the corner of Inneren-Wiener-Straße and Kellerstraße. Lorries or vans access the first basement level via a ramp that runs beneath the new artists’ entrance on Kellerstraße. The necessary vertical clearance at the first basement level is achieved by means of a dipping of the roadway in the non-cellared area. The loading ramps for the Philharmonic, the Carl Orff Auditorium and the catering facilities are arranged separately along the length of the logistics route. The exit is situated beside the underground car park exit towards Rosenheimer Straße. The existing traffic-light system is retained.
▼功能区域划分，analysis of functions
The open-air installations of the new Gasteig are conceived as interlinking elements, dissolving the previous markedly built-up and barrier-like design, and thus formulating a prominent connection between the new cultural space of the Gasteig and its adjacent urban surroundings. The heart of the outdoor layout is a broad and imposing set of steps, which opens the Gasteig up facing Rosenheimer Straße and above all towards the River Isar. It is a lavish gesture, allowing all of the spaces to flow into one another as if naturally. The high quality of the materials deployed, for instance bright natural stone, reinforces the light character of the layout. Trees set as single solitaires provide a subtle greenery and natural shading in summer. They are framed by minimal tree grates, integrating them seamlessly into the otherwise flowing circulation space. Particular species are to be planted, for instance Sweetgum trees, chosen in order to introduce a controlled colour accent to the public space. The long stairway steps are designed to stage a graceful measured approach towards the entrance area of the Gasteig. Their flowing edges run in a sweeping line outwardly from the new building, coalescing to form a bundle at the southern-most end where the steps assume the dimensions of conventional outdoor stairs. In order to keep the entire sweep barrier-free a stair ramp is integrated into the layout towards the east. The second entrance on the east side of the new building enables easy access to the train system, where again an open and barrier-free space is created that appears to flow directly into the building. At the eastern edge of the site a “green carpet” is metaphorically rolled out for visitors and guests, signifying the entrance to a special realm. It is planted flush with the floor with shade-resistant ground cover plants and shrubs, which arranged in meshed rows form a path from west to east. The pattern of the “green carpet” is revealed to visitors standing above in the glazed gallery, forging a further visual relationship between inside and outside. The choice of material characteristics of the open-air layouts – defined by high-quality, dignified building materials such as natural stone and stainless steel – appropriately mirrors the rich tradition of the Gasteig’s history and its great cultural importance for Munich.
▼宽广又壮观的踏步，a broad and imposing set of steps
Competition: 1st prizes, May 2018 (1 of 3 awarded), winner of tender process
Client: Gasteig München GmbH
Team: Gunter Henn, Martin Henn, Stefan Sinning, Paul Böhm, Francesco Capuzzo, Tanja Dietsch, Andreas Fuchs, Marta Galdys, Denise Gellinger, Johanna Graßl, Joachim Grund, Ralph Hempel, Attila Horvarth, Malte Köditz, Thomas von Küstenfeld, Max Langwieder, Paul Lawrence, Peter Lee, Che Liu, Nelli Maier, Sonja Millauer, Wolfgang Mühlhölz-Hirschmann, Armin Nemati, Moritz Ossenberg-Engels, Klaus Ransmayr, Daniel Recklingloh, Ibrahim Saad, Grzegorz Schnotale, Jovan Topalovic, Peter Weber, Fredrik Werner, Wolfgang Wrba
Rainer Schmidt, landscape architecture
Nagata Acoustics, acoustics
Nees Ingenieure, fire safety
Kunkel Consulting Int., stage technology
Ingenieurbüro Knab, electrical engineering
SSP, structural engineering
Regierungsbaumeister Schlegel, transportation planning
Transsolar, façade engineering