背景 | CONTEXT
▼项目概览，general view © SOPHIE ODDO
The deep-rooted origins of the Domaine de Bayssan still remain a mystery, but its toponymy plunges us into the Gallo-Roman period which contributed strongly to the city of Béziers identity, its economic expansion and emergence in the history.
Today, it is a place of cultural freedom that holds its own on the cultural scene. The former «Sortie Ouest» theatre already had a noble vocation, much broader and more generous than the performing arts as simple entertainment. Sortie Ouest imposed a demanding and diversified programme, not only to satisfy the small circle of an informed public but also orientated towards «general education». It seeks to provide opportunity for sometimes unexpected artistic encounters, the inexhaustible source of rich and contrasting emotions.
▼场地平面图，site plan ©K ARCHITECTURES
设计目的 | OBJECTIVES
The theatre wanted to preserve its circus soul which corresponds to its cultural vocation, both in substance and in form. Consequently, the project largely draws its references from circus architecture.
Just as a circus encampment, the Domaine de Bayssan is in perpetual movement and reconfigured according to the cultural programme and events. Caravans, stages, banquets, barnums and all the other event facilities find their place, in both the public space as well as the support facilities. To respond to this great freedom in use, the landscape provides large esplanades devoid of permanent buildings, with the exception of the technical plant for the reception facilities.
▼项目参考了马戏团帐篷的设计风格 © SOPHIE ODDO
The project largely draws its references from circus architecture
设计详述| DESIGN INTENT
Reminiscent of the three canvas tents of the Théâtre Sortie Ouest, the project is divided into three separate architectural entities. The «small tent» houses reception facilities, a space shared by the auditorium and amphitheatre, that nourish and relieve us before and after, during interval. A backdrop to the auditorium, the «big tent» is the space for rehearsals and performance. The very «large open-air arena» or amphitheatre completes the configuration.
▼三个独立的“帐篷”，three separate “tents” © MARC DUNILE
▼“小帐篷”容纳了接待设施，The “small tent” houses reception facilities © SOPHIE ODDO
▼“小帐篷”内部空间，The “small tent” interior view © SOPHIE ODDO
Borrowing from the archetypal form of the first «fixed» sedentary circuses, the auditorium and the lobby restaurant architecture are developed from a modular construction system. The moulding of the envelope is an architectural reinterpretation of the motifs that adorn circus tents. It adopts the radiant corolla pattern around the central mast which emphasises the canvas stitching.
▼“大帐篷”立面，the “big tent” facade © MARC DUNILE
▼大小帐篷立面细节，exterior detailed view © SOPHIE ODDO
▼“大帐篷”内部，interior view of the “big tent” © SOPHIE ODDO
▼“大帐篷”是礼堂空间，用于排练和表演 © SOPHIE ODDO
The “big tent” is the space for rehearsals and performance
Due to the bulk generated by its context and function, the open-air amphitheatre is unique in terms of its architecture. Unlike the amphitheatres of ancient Greece, its tiered seating is not inclined against a natural embankment, blending into the topography of the landscape to adopt its raw material.
▼露天剧场，the open-air amphitheatre © SOPHIE ODDO
It also expresses a circus style architecture, a somewhat strange tent whose canvas awning over the seating can be removed on sunny days. Only the stage remains under the pleated canvas cover, an opaque and dark veil over the mysteries backstage.
▼露天剧场舞台，the stage of the amphitheatre © SOPHIE ODDO
▼露天剧场座位和入口楼梯，seating area and entry staircase © SOPHIE ODDO
▼远观建筑，view from the distant © SOPHIE ODDO
▼户外广场夜景，outdoor plaza night view © SOPHIE ODDO
▼建筑夜景，night view © SOPHIE ODDO
▼大小帐篷平面和立面图，plan and section – the “small tent” and “big tent” ©K ARCHITECTURES
▼圆形露天剧场平面和剖面图，plan and section – the open-air amphitheatre ©K ARCHITECTURES
DÉPARTEMENT DE L’HÉRAULT
K ARCHITECTURES SIGWALT HERMAN (Thomas Ehrhardt pro- ject architect) whis, CHANGEMENT A VUE (scenography) ATELIER VOLGA (landscape architect) BATISERF (structural engineers) BET CHOULET (services engineer) BMF (building economist) ALTIA (acoustical consultant) ATEVE (civil engineer) AIA MAMANGEMENT (construction manager)
« big tent » modulable theatre 423/925 seat 1.440 standing places « little tent » 235 seat cabaret restaurant and bookshop
1440 spectator amphitheatre (including 965 seats)
BUDGET 20M € incl.
USEFUL SURFACES 4,500m2
THEATER and RESTAURANT 2,300 m2
Stage set: 15 x 22m + 65m2 proscenium
Height = 8.50 m under grill
423-seat retractable bleacher
AMPHITHEATRE 2 200 m2
Stage space: 340 m2, Stage set: 12 x 20m including an 80m2 mobile proscenium + a mobile proscenium of 80m2 – Height = 9.00 m un- der mobile false grill – Orchestra pit for 30 to 60 musicians IMPLEMENTATION
400m3 of wood, 2 550m2 of wood interior cladding panels TIMETABLE 2019/2021