Arriving in Delft is an unforgettable experience. From the outset, Mecanoo’s idea was to design a station that makes it clear to visitors that they have arrived in Delft. The station, in combination with the new city hall, sits atop a new train tunnel built in place of the old concrete viaduct that divided the city in two since 1965. Coming up the escalators, the impressive ceiling with the historic map of Delft unfolds. When you look outside, you see the city and the old station as a contemporary version of Johannes Vermeer’s painting ‘View of Delft’.
▼建筑概览，overview ©Mecanoo architecten
▼车站与新的市政厅被结合在同一体量中，the station and the new city hall were combined ©Mecanoo architecten
▼建筑近景，exterior view ©Mecanoo architecten
过去与未来的交织 | Interweaving past and future
The city of Delft reflects its past: the multitude of historic buildings and canals; the ‘Prinsenstad’ city, closely connected to the Dutch Royal Family; and, of course, the world famous Delftware ceramic factories. On the other hand, the Delft University of Technology is at the forefront of technical innovation. The character of Delft, epitomised in this combination of past and future, was the starting point for the design.
▼建筑将东边历史悠久的内城区与西边的火车隧道及住宅区连接在一起，the building connects the historic inner city on the east side of the railway tunnel with the residential neighbourhoods located to the west ©Mecanoo architecten
▼河滨的自行车道，cycleway alone the river ©Mecanoo architecten
代尔夫特蓝 | Delft Blue
▼熔融玻璃立面装饰以透镜状的球形图案，回应了本土建筑中传统的窗口设计，the panels of fused glass with lens-like spheres reference a vernacular window design that can be seen throughout the historic city ©Mecanoo architecten
▼立面细部，facade detail ©Mecanoo architecten
A vaulted ceiling features an enormous historic 1877 map of Delft and its surroundings, connecting the station with the city hall. Within the station hall, walls and columns are adorned with a contemporary re-interpretation of Delft Blue tiles. You can walk directly from the station into the city hall. The glass skin of the building is designed to reflect the Dutch skies. The panels of fused glass with lens-like spheres reference a vernacular window design that can be seen throughout the historic city. The combination and rhythm of open panels of high performance glass and closed fused glass panels enable a high degree of energy efficiency.
▼车站大厅内的墙壁和立柱均装饰以具有现代感的代尔夫特蓝色瓷砖，within the station hall, walls and columns are adorned with a contemporary re-interpretation of Delft Blue tiles ©Mecanoo architecten
▼拱形的天花板上印有巨幅的1877年代尔夫特及周边地区的地图，a vaulted ceiling features an enormous historic 1877 map of Delft and its surroundings ©Mecanoo architecten
紧凑的空间关系 | Contextually compact
Throughout the design process the building volume has been shaved and reformed to create a compact, highly efficient building form. The lowered roof lines at the corners provide a gradual transition towards the existing small-scale development of the Delft city centre and the adjacent Wester Quarter. The building connects the historic inner city on the east side of the railway tunnel with the residential neighbourhoods located to the west, realigning the centre of Delft. Incisions in the glass volume of the city hall building form a pattern of alleyways and courtyards, which are themselves inspired by the intricate structure of Delft.
▼位于建筑下方的隧道，the train tunnel on the lower level ©Mecanoo architecten
▼黄昏下的建筑，exterior view in the evening ©Mecanoo architecten
▼市政厅的玻璃体量设有几道空隙，带来巷道与庭院般的空间体验， incisions in the glass volume of the city hall building form a pattern of alleyways and courtyards ©Mecanoo architecten
可持续性 | Sustainable
The facade responds to the different sun orientations, which determined the amount of glass incorporated, thus mitigating daylight needs while reducing heat gain in the summer months. The glass has a high light absorption factor but low solar absorption, and all windows can be opened manually for user comfort and natural ventilation. Solar panels on the roof provide 20% of the energy for the building mechanics and presence aware lighting. The GreenCalc+ score is rated at 270.
▼市政厅内部空间，interior view of the city hall building ©Mecanoo architecten
▼办公空间，office area ©Mecanoo architecten
▼公共区域，public area ©Mecanoo architecten
空间分布 | Programme
City hall (19,430 m2) around internal patios, a bicycle shed, an archive, a loading and unloading area and a public lobby of 2,230m²; the public lobby is visually and physically linked to the station hall of 2,450m² with retail facilities and food and beverage of 850m2; total 28,320m²
▼首层平面图，ground floor plan
▼二层平面图，first floor plan
▼三层平面图，second floor plan
▼四层平面图，third floor plan
Realisation 2012-2017 (station hall and first phase of the city hall were completed in 2015)
Client Ontwikkelingsbedrijf Spoorzone Delft BV, Delft, the Netherlands Structural Engineer ABT bv, Delft, the Netherlands
Mechanical Engineer Deerns Raadgevende Ingenieurs B.V., Rijswijk, the Netherlands Building
Cost Consultant Basalt bouwadvies bv, Nieuwegein, the Netherlands Building Physics and Fire Safety Consultant LBPSight, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
Consultant Graphics Ceiling Geerdes Ontwerpen, Huizen, the Netherlands
The underground station platforms are designed by Benthem Crouwel Architects.