该工厂是根据Bannister Downs Dairy独特的生产模式来打造的。这种生产模式涵盖了传统与高科技、大型工业设备与当地农场、动物与机器、开放与神秘感、食品卫生和污水管理等对比鲜明的主题。项目的建造策略不仅结合了所有这些主题，还将它们融合成一种生机勃勃、永不止息的独特风格。全新的工厂重新定义了现代乳业，并对其未来的发展具有指导意义。
This facility is built around the unique Bannister Downs Dairy production model combining contrasting themes: the traditional with ultra-hi-tech; local farm with large scale industrial; animals with robots; private with public; food hygiene and effluent management – all under the same roof. The building strategy combines these themes, churning them together into something unique, something dynamic, animated, and never still. It resets the thinking of what the modern dairy currently is and postulates what it could possibly be.
▼项目鸟瞰图，bird-eye’s view of the project
▼项目远眺，distant view of the project
主要挑战 | Key challenges
The masterplan, which initiated the project, was simply about defining a line, a boundary where all the dairy’s activities can co-exist inside. Three disparate groups converge on the location: people from the south, including workers, staff and general public; cows from the north, who arrive uphill from the surrounding pasture; and trucks from the east away from other general traffic. It seemed appropriate that a single landscape contour formed this boundary at the apex of a small hill as this would allow water and waste to drain away from the building on all sides in this wet environment. Its form, a soft pebble shape would also act as a counter-measure to the typical sprawl of industrial infrastructure, ad-hoc building and service roads.
▼建筑采用了柔软的鹅卵石形状，its form, a soft pebble shape
独特理念 | The brief
The new Creamery development is a 9000sqm farm based industrial complex. It is a one-of-a-kind facility based on grass-to-gate production where all milking, processing, bottling is controlled and achieved in one location. It accommodates state-of-the-art equipment, including a 24-hour voluntary milking rotary robotic dairy with nutrition diagnostics and medical areas, all designed for the comfort and well-being of the herd. The milk is processed by low temperature pasteurisation and packaged with automated machinery using a unique, soft, biodegradable, chalk-based Ecolean pouch. The whole operation is open to the public and on display from a central viewing gallery, demonstrating transparency and sustainable farming.
▼参观者在建筑的前部几乎就可以体验到工厂全部的风光，the visitors experience is almost entirely within the front of house
可持续性特征 | Sustainability features
The project provides a civic benefit to the small, remote town of Northcliffe. The dairy is the largest investment to date in the area, providing new jobs, infrastructure, tourism and off-shoot business into the region. The building is set on verdant, rural farmland outside of Northcliffe. It captures this landscape from the inside, framing views from processing rooms, dairy, boardroom and offices, creating an awareness between industry and farm. The visitors experience is almost entirely within the front of house, but the actual scale and complexity of the processing areas is slowly revealed through the exhibition space along level one.
From an agricultural perspective, the facility puts the cow’s health and ‘wellbeing’ first, providing calm/safe herd environments and diagnostics to regularly check animals’ health. This follows through to their staff’s environment and wellbeing, creating consistent visual connectivity within the building from production areas to the farm.
▼在建筑二层有一间可以俯瞰农田的咖啡馆，on the second floor of the building is a cafe overlooking farmland,
The building design minimises power consumption and use (re-use) of resources throughout the building. The sustainable elements include: a roof mounted 100kW Photovoltaic array; potable rainwater capture for processing areas; heat exchange pumps in processing; grey water reuse for cow yard wash down; double glazing to minimise direct heat transfer; LED lights; hydronic floor heating; double skin, ventilated façade systems, building management system for lighting/heating; two diesel backup generators; biodegradable chalk-based packaging. Materials were chosen based on their longevity in the harsh environment and fire performance. The construction process included approx. 90% local subcontractors. A future bio-methane plant is planned.
▼工厂入口区域，the entrance area
解决方案 | The solutions
▼扭体细部，details of the twist
The masterplan strategy of a contoured boundary line is used to generate an architectural strategy for the main building. Conceived of as a trajectory of building form set in motion: an animated loft of set archetypal shed profiles including modern shed, Australian barn vernacular, gambrel dairy barn. These are blended into a singular long ‘super-shed’, constantly morphing along the perimeter, churning and mixing programme and operations internally.
This red ‘super-shed’ is realized as the main administration building, public entry and visitor’s cafe for the whole complex. Its curving nature along the contour means that the building is always receding, diminishing the overall impression of a large building in the landscape. It also masks the main bulk processing areas which sit behind. The façade ribbons are expressed in modes of animation – slow and fast, open and closed. The façade is multi-purpose, creating sun shading, canopies, colonnade, framed views, entries and other elements which change along the building’s length.
▼立面与工厂内部之间的走廊区域，the corridor area between the facade and the factory interior
Internally the shed’s program combines a public entry space and foyer to the front, and administration and staff facilities to the back. The general public are drawn upstairs, through the buildings twist, to an internal viewing gallery for the processing areas, ending at a café overlooking farmland. The buildings processing areas and services are sheltered within a large black annex to the red shed, conceived of as a long shadow cast back across the site, where all internal operations and machinery are housed. Visual connectivity between operation areas and to the farm are accommodated within the processing areas for optimal operation efficiency.
▼工厂内部自动挤奶区，automatic milking area inside the factory
Project size：5500 sqm
Site size：9000 sqm
Project team：Bosske—Masterplanning, Architecture
More： Bosske Architecture