Antwerp动物园成立于1843年7月，是比利时最古老的动物公园，自1983年起被列为国家古迹，是世界上最古老的动物公园之一，最初的目标是鼓励动物和植物科学。它自建立以来，一直由KMDA – Koninklijke Maatschappij voor Dierenbescherming Antwerpen （即Antwerp皇家动物学会）管理。
Established in July 1843, the Antwerp Zoo is the oldest animal park in Belgium, listed as a national monument since 1983, and one of the oldest in the world, its initial objective being to encourage zoological and botanical sciences. Since its founding it has been managed by KMDA – Koninklijke Maatschappij voor Dierenbescherming Antwerpen (Royal Zoological Society of Antwerp).
▼动物园在城市中的位置，the location of the zoo inside the city
在2013年3月，KMDA委托Studio Farris Architects作为建筑设计师，为这个地方设计一个新样貌。这个方案中为Antwerp动物园中设计了新的餐厅、鸟舍、动物和水牛的避难所，并与ELD、Fondu景观设计公司和Officium合作。该项目于2017年6月完成。这种非常规改造的主要理念是增强游客体验，并将其置于一种独特的空间叙事中心，即从城市走向荒野。
Studio Farris Architects was appointed by KMDA as design architect to provide a new identity to the place, through a solution that defines the new restaurant, aviary, apes- and buffalo- shelter at the Antwerp Zoo in March 2013, in cooperation with ELD partnership, Fondu Landscape Architects and Officium. The project was completed in June 2017. The main driving concept for designing this unconventional intervention was enhancing the visitor experience, and putting it at the center of a unique spatial narrative that leads from the city into wilderness.
▼改造部分平面示意图，plan for the renovation
“I remember visiting the zoo some years ago and eating at the restaurant there. The experience was one of detachment from nature. With our project, we aimed at delivering an innovative visitor experience. We want visitors to feel close to the birds, apes and buffalos in their natural habitat,” says architect Giuseppe Farris.
▼改造设计概念图，the design concept for the renovation
The zoo and the city around
The zoo occupies a large portion of the historical city center, its surface area nearing 10 hectares, in close proximity to the central railway station that defines its border to the West. The main entrance to the zoo is on this side, paths leading to a series of ambients and facilities that accommodate a wide series of animal species. The site for Studio Farris’ project is on the opposite side of the zoo, towards its eastern end, bordering a mostly residential neighborhood. In this sense, their intervention defines the eastern boundary of the zoo, in continuity with its historical perimeter wall. Its street facade is now punctured by a system of openings that reveal some of the inner functions to pedestrians, be they parts of the restaurant tables or the kitchen itself. A series of periscopes even allow views into the savannah.
▼东部街道立面一览，overview of the street facade on the east side©Toon Grobet
▼其街道立面有一系列开口，人们可以通过这些开口看到内部的一些功能；its street facade is now punctured by a system of openings that reveal some of the inner functions to pedestrians©Toon Grobet
On the zoo side, the facade opens up to the main plaza: a major gathering space, sheltered by a series of square canopies, lovely overlapping one another, supported by slender columns that stem from the restaurant’s building and face the historical pavilions, where visitors may linger and enjoy unobstructed views to the apes’ enclosure on one side and to the savannah, with its buffalos and birds, to the other.
▼主广场是一个主要的聚集空间，一系列广场华盖互相重叠，从餐馆大楼里延伸出来的细长柱子支撑着它们；the main plaza is a major gathering space, sheltered by a series of overlapped square canopies, supported by slender columns that stem from the restaurant’s building©Martino Pietropoli
▼广场上还提供了一些游玩措施，there are some elements designed for kids on the main plaza©Martino Pietropoli
The new restaurant in the midst of the Savannah
The new restaurant, that accommodates 350 seats indoor and 400 outdoor, is hence located between the home of the great apes to the North and the buffalo’s habitat and aviary to the South. By means of extending the existing animal shelters on both sides, the project aims at establishing an intertwining relationship between visitors and animals: the walk-through aviary provides an unexpected experience that brings visitors closer to the birds, apes and buffalos in their natural habitat.
▼餐馆室外部分与主广场空间融为一体，the exterior part of the restaurant connects with the main plaza space©Toon Grobet
▼餐馆室外部分一览，overview of the exterior part of the restaurant©Koen Van Damme
The building that hosts the restaurant is apparently understated in its elevation, that defines a very ample window opening towards the inner space of the zoo. In plan, however, it reveals a more distinct character and a rather complex geometry is revealed that expresses the multiple relations and interconnections with the tensile lightweight structures built around it. To the North, the restaurant visually extends, through its large glazing, into a tensile lightweight structure that protects the outdoor park where the gorillas and chimpanzees can move around.
▼餐厅北面的大玻璃窗让人们的视野可以一直延伸到保护着室外公园的轻型张力结构，to the North, the restaurant visually extends, through its large glazing, into a tensile lightweight structure that protects the outdoor park©Toon Grobet
▼玻璃让人与动物的空间融合为一体，the glass walls help to merge the space for animals and the space for human©Toon Grobet
▼另一侧的景观，the view on the other side©Martino Pietropoli
The building touches the ground with massive columns creating a sort of cave that the primates use as a shelter. To the South, the savannah landscape sits 5 meters lower than the restaurant floor, allowing visitors to admire the buffalos and birds through large glass panes. Plants were selected that are indigenous to various places and will provide shelter and food to the birds. A special passageway runs under the restaurant building, connecting the primate shelter to the North with the buffalos’ and birds’ environment to the South and allowing glimpses of the surrounding habitat through a series of windows. Completed in June 2017, the new facilities in the Antwerp Zoo have recorded increasing visitor numbers, the public being especially enthusiastic about their unusual zoo experience. Studio Farris and its consultants were able to effectively respond to the complex needs of the animals, visitors and commercial operations of the zoo.
▼这幢建筑以巨大的柱子触地，形成了一种类似灵长类动物用作遮蔽物的洞穴结构；the building touches the ground with massive columns creating a sort of cave that the primates use as a shelter©Toon Grobet
▼在南面，大草原的景观比餐厅的楼层低5米；to the South, the savannah landscape sits 5 meters lower than the restaurant floor, allowing visitors to admire the buffalos and birds through large glass panes©Koen Van Damme
▼餐厅的楼下有一个特殊的通道，它将灵长类动物的栖息所与北部的水牛和鸟类的环境连接在一起；a special passageway runs under the restaurant building, connecting the primate shelter to the North with the buffalos’ and birds’ environment to the South©Toon Grobet
▼轴测分析图：东面临街立面；the axonometric analysis diagram: the east facade along the street
▼轴测分析图：室内餐厅和厨房；the axonometric analysis diagram: interior part of the restaurant and the kitchen
▼轴测分析图：动物活动区域；the axonometric analysis diagram: space for the animals
▼轴测分析图：流线；the axonometric analysis diagram: the circulation
▼餐厅及其周边平面，plan for the restaurant and the surroudings
▼长剖面，the long sections
▼短剖面，the short sections